Rocca Scaligera of Sirmione
The Scaliger castle of Sirmione is a fortress from the Scaliger era, the only point of access to the historic center of Sirmione.
It is one of the most complete and best preserved castles in Italy, as well as a rare example of lake fortification. The castle is bathed on all sides by the waters of Lake Garda, and on one of these sides was built, shortly after the construction of the castle, the wet dock, which was once the place of refuge of the Scaliger fleet.
Inside the large internal portico of the castle a Roman and medieval lapidary has been set up, as well as a brief exhibition in which the most important information on the fortress is shown on some panels. You can also access the walkways of the walls and, through the recently restored wooden staircases, you can reach the highest tower of the fortress up to the top of the keep.
The Rocca Scaligera is located in Piazza Castello, 34 - 25019 Sirmione (BS)
Grotte di Catullo
The Archaeological Museum of Sirmione, located within the archaeological area, was opened to the public in June 1999 to replace the previous small Antiquarium to offer a greater number of finds discovered in the archaeological area of the Grotte di Catullo.
The Museum, which is set up as a support to the visit of the Roman villa and to other monumental remains preserved in Sirmione, collects the testimonies of the most ancient history of the town, from the objects recovered in the submerged palafitte along the coasts of the peninsula (San Francesco, Maraschina, Porto Galeazzi, Lugana Vecchia) to those found in the numerous Roman and medieval excavations including, in importance, those relating to the grandiose Roman building of Via Antiche Mura, to the churches of San Pietro in Mavinas and San Salvatore as well as to the Lombard necropolis of the hill of Cortine.
Among the materials coming from the Grotte di Catullo the splendid fragments of the fresco decoration stand out, that enriched the residential areas of the villa. Considerable in the so-called III Pompeian style, characterized by the presence of airy and imaginative architectures that divide and reorganize the space of the walls and the frequent insertion of landscape squares, figures and fantastic motifs, these pieces give us the image of a refined dwelling and polychrome. The refined stuccos and fragments of the architectural decoration (bases, columns and capitals) that marked the structure attract attention. In addition to the materials from Sirmione, there are also artifacts found in other settlements located at Lake Garda, so as to offer the visitor a more general view of the territory. Particularly noteworthy are the cenomane tomb found in Lonato and the materials from the Roman villas of Toscolano Maderno and Desenzano-Faustinella.
Archaeological Area of the Grotte di Catullo and Museum of Sirmione, Piazzale Orti Manara, 4 - 25019 Sirmione (BS)
The Roman furnaces of Lonato del Garda
A unique archaeological site: a Roman furnace dated to the 1st-2nd century AD, located in the lower Lake Garda, halfway between Brixia and Verona. It is one of the six furnaces of a vast handicraft complex for the production of bricks necessary in the first phase of the Romanization of the Garda area.
Clay, water and timber: three elements necessary for the existence of this handicraft complex, certainly present in the area of the Garda morainic amphitheater, elements so important that even in the XIV century, in this area, a furnace always and still produced bricks.
Via Mantova, 54 - 25017 Lonato del Garda (Brescia)